Civil Initiative (CI) Nepal took part in the observation of Constituent Assembly (CA) election 2013. CI undertook the observation with the objective of monitoring whether the election conducted by the Election Commission took place in a free and fair manner and without incidents of rigging and vote fraud so that it can come up with an unbiased observation report.
CI Nepal applied for observer status and met all the legal criteria set by the Election Commission for observing the election. Under the Election Commission Act, Article 8, the Election Commission of Nepal accredited Civil Initiative (CI) Nepal as one of the observation organizations covering 142 constituencies in 10 districts namely Kailali, Ilam, Doti, Sunsari, Rasuwa, Bardiya, Pyuthan, Lalitpur, Rupandehi and Tanahun. The reason behind choosing these districts was to cover balanced geographical areas (mountainous, hilly and plains). Adhering to the code of conducts of the Election Commission, CI Nepal had recruited 103 professional observers from respective districts irrespective of their caste, sex, religion etc.
CI concluded that that Nepal’s Nov. 19 constituent assembly election was conducted remarkably well, especially in the face of attempts by boycotting parties to disrupt the process through violence.
The executive summary of the final report of CI was as follows:
Executive Summary of CA Observation Report
Amid much controversies and insecurities, the Constituent Assembly elections were held in Nepal on November 19, 2013 in a smooth, disciplined and peaceful manner. Various predictions were made on the likelihood of postponement of the elections due to the rejection of 33 political parties (that was led the Communist Party of Nepal) to participate in the elections. These polls opposing alliance called for nation wide strikes ahead of the election to disrupt the whole electoral process. In spite of various violent incidents that
were recorded across the country, CA elections were held reflecting the high enthusiasm and a clear will of people to end the current political stalemate and paving the way to peace process in the country.
In the CA Election-II, the total numbers of voters were 1,21,47,865 and polling centers were 10,012 across the country. For the First-Past-the Post (FPTP) electoral system that has total 240 seats, 6,128 candidates were contested. The Proportional Representation
(PR) carries 335 seats and 26 candidates are going to be nominated by the Council of Ministers. The Nepali Congress (NC), the oldest party in Nepal has transpired as the winning party in both FPTP and PR systems with 105 seats and 91 seats respectively followed by Communist Party of Nepal (UML). The Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maiost) secured the third place unlike the election results in 2008 elections where it earned the largest number of votes.
Contrary to the CA elections in 2008, the elections this time were fair and free and the results showed the clear eagerness of Nepali electorate to get rid of the current political turmoil and draft and adopt a new constitution as promised by these political parties.
According to the Election Commission (EC), 364 cases of complaints related to the breaches of the code of conducts were filed. The EC also posited that the some of the complaints were judicially reviewed and settled and some are in the process of settlement. The domestic and international observers termed the CA Elections-II as free
and fair and took place with the greater participation of Nepali electorate.
Amidst the concerns over the several shortcomings and irregularities that had no severe impacts on the results of the election, CI Observers would like to urge the concerned authorities to accept the verdict and voice of the Nepali people and work to draft a new constitution and fix the issues about restructuring Nepal to pave the way for sustainable development of